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Therapy Skills: Functional Analysis

Functional Analysis

  1. Purpose of Functional Analysis (F/A) is to assess the parameters of the problem.
  2. The professionalism is enhanced here in that there is no presumption made as to what might be at the basis of the problem or what’s causing and sustaining it.
  3. The asterisked questions (*) are the vital questions to ask if you are in a hurry or wish to abbreviate F/A.

Onset parameters

  1. *When did each of these behaviours start (dating onset as exactly as possible)?
  2. *Are there any instances of related childhood behaviours?
  3. How did the behaviours develop from onset to the present time?
  4. Were these changes related to any particular factors or events?
  5. What kind of a person was the client before these behaviours began?

Treatment/Support Parameters

  1. *Exactly what help and treatments has the client had for these behaviours, including exact dose, duration and effect of any treatment mentioned?
  2. Has anyone in the family had similar behaviours, if so, how similar? What treatment? What result did they have?
  3. Has there been anyone for the client to turn to? What are the significant relationships like? What effect does the support have on client’s behaviour?

Behavioural Variants

  1. *What were the circumstances when the behaviour: Increased, decreased or was neutralized?
  2. *What events, thoughts, feelings, images, sensations, fantasies occur immediately before, with or after the behaviours?
  3. What are the competing or supporting behaviours?
  4. What are the ‘advantages’ of the behaviours and how will the client’s life have to alter to facilitate change.
  5. Are there any other behaviours, which are important and related?