Therapy Skills: Functional Analysis
- Purpose of Functional Analysis (F/A) is to assess the parameters of the problem.
- The professionalism is enhanced here in that there is no presumption made as to what might be at the basis of the problem or what’s causing and sustaining it.
- The asterisked questions (*) are the vital questions to ask if you are in a hurry or wish to abbreviate F/A.
- *When did each of these behaviours start (dating onset as exactly as possible)?
- *Are there any instances of related childhood behaviours?
- How did the behaviours develop from onset to the present time?
- Were these changes related to any particular factors or events?
- What kind of a person was the client before these behaviours began?
- *Exactly what help and treatments has the client had for these behaviours, including exact dose, duration and effect of any treatment mentioned?
- Has anyone in the family had similar behaviours, if so, how similar? What treatment? What result did they have?
- Has there been anyone for the client to turn to? What are the significant relationships like? What effect does the support have on client’s behaviour?
- *What were the circumstances when the behaviour: Increased, decreased or was neutralized?
- *What events, thoughts, feelings, images, sensations, fantasies occur immediately before, with or after the behaviours?
- What are the competing or supporting behaviours?
- What are the ‘advantages’ of the behaviours and how will the client’s life have to alter to facilitate change.
- Are there any other behaviours, which are important and related?